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Distinguished Lecture Series
8th March,
2018
Prof. Sunil Khanna Vice President – NIIT Neemrana,
Rajasthan
Energy Security for the Country
Photo Gallery Video
16th April,
2018
Prof. Kamlesh Bajaj Mentor Professor - NIIT University,
Rajasthan
Cyber Security
Photo Gallery Video
30th April,
2018
Mr. David Carroll President & CEO - Gas Technology Institute,
Illinois, USA
International Energy Outlook
Photo Gallery Video
Energy Security for the Country
Prof. Sunil Khanna

Prof Sunil Khanna VP, NIIT, Neemrana, Rajasthan gave a scintillating talk on "Energy Security in India". The focus of his lecture was on the enormous potential of bio-technology, in general, and bio-fuels in particular in contributing towards energy security and environmental management in India. In the introduction, Prof Khanna mentioned that during the last few decades India has been rapidly transforming from an agriculture based economy to an industry - based country. As a result the energy demand has grown significantly. The large gap between demand and supply of energy and electricity has to be bridged by an optimum mix of carbon -based and carbon -free energy options, without degrading the environment, in order to improve our quality of life and transform India from a developing to a developed nation.

Energy security will also pave the way for us to achieve food and water security. Dr Khanna mentioned that carbon-based energy system, based mainly on fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas, will continue to dominate the energy basket in India, for generation of electricity and for running our vehicles in the transportation sector, at least for the next few decades till the time the carbon-free energy options, namely, solar, wind, nuclear, hydrogen fuel and electric vehicle (EV) attain industrial maturity. The major challenges of carbon based energy systems in India are twofold. First, the long term sustainability of fossil fuel and their ever increasing import bill. Secondly, fossil fuels are associated with CO2 and other green house gas emission responsible for global warming and related climate change.

Prof. Khanna touched upon a few innovative ways for carbon capture, utilization and storage. In his opinion, bio fuel could be a good substitute for fossil fuel in terms of long term sustainability. Bio-butanol is better than ethanol and methanol as a transportation fuel. This can be produced economically by mixing biomass and agriculture & dairy waste in bio-refineries. Both public and private investors should set up bio-refineries all over the country as part of the waste to wealth program. Prof Khanna mentioned that in coming years, food versus fuel competition is foreseen for judicious utilization of agricultural land. Prof. Khanna also covered oil spillage management by degradation with optimum use of microbes.

Cyber Security
Prof. Kamlesh Bajaj

With an increasing amount of people getting connected to Internet, the security threats that cause massive harm are also increasing. Cyber-crime is the greatest threat to every company in the world and the following are few alarming stats that depict what the current scenario of information security.

  • Cyber-crime to reach damage cost to hit 6 trillion dollars annually by 2021.
  • Since, 2013 there are over 400,000,000 records stolen from breaches every day.
  • Over 75% health industries are affected.
  • 1 in 131 mails are malware.
  • According to Warren Buffet, the biggest threat to mankind is cyber threat greater than the danger of nuclear threat.
  • Android is the second most attacked platform after Windows.

Cyber security comprises technologies, processes and controls that are designed to protect systems, networks and data from cyber-attacks. Major areas covered by cyber security are Application Security, Information Security, Disaster Recovery and Network Security.

Cyber Space
Cyberspace refers to the virtual computer world, and more specifically, is an electronic medium used to form a global computer network to facilitate online communication. It is a large computer network made up of many worldwide computer networks that employ TCP/IP protocol to aid in communication and data exchange activities. Due to the ever increasing digital information on the worldwide web, the cyber space is now classified as a new domain of battle—as significant as air, land, or sea.

Cyber Attacks
Any threat to information on cyber space is known as cyber-attack. Hackers try to break computers in the cyber space, usually by gaining unauthorized access to administrative controls and perform unintended malicious activities.The cyber-attacks are generally categorized as follows:

  • Malware
  • Phishing
  • SQL injection attack
  • Cross-Site Scripting
  • Denial-Of-Service

Biggest Data-breaches
Data breaches have taken place almost everywhere ranging from private information, high-profile private companies to Government sector. Some of the biggest data-breaches happened in the past are summarized as follows.

  • Sony's PlayStation Network accounts hacked in 2011.
  • Uber in late 2016.
  • Equifax, one of the largest credit bureaus in the U.S. on Sept. 7, 2017.
  • Gmail users were targeted in a sophisticated phishing scam on May 3, 2017.
  • On February 28, 2018, GitHub's code hosting website.

Possible Approaches for solving security issues
Although Cyber-attacks cannot be prevented completely, we can follow certain measures to protect the data. Some of the possible preventive measures for handling cyber-attacks are listed below.

  • Never disclose personal information publicly
  • Install Reliable Antivirus Software
  • Protect with Firewall
  • Install Encryption Software
  • Website owners should watch traffic and check any irregularity on the site
  • Putting host-based intrusion detection devices on servers will serve the purpose.
  • Hype Up Your Security Consciousness
  • Govt- Cyber Swachhta Kendra (Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre)

To conclude, hackers don’t use guns as their weapon, but they attack with mouse cursors and passwords. Taking appropriate precautions and educating ourselves is the right key to protect information!

International Energy Outlook
Mr. David Carroll

Representations of top officials from ONGC- Asset, WSS; GSPC, JTI, Oilex, Selan, Essar oil (CBM), GSPC LNG, Nexus Deepwater Engineering, HIS Energy, JyotiSagar and Associates, Adani Gas, Sabarmati Gas, SIRDA, Nirma University, LD College of Engineering, Akash Exploration, etc participated.

The discussion revolved around India’s target of improving 6% gas in energy mix at present to 15% by 2022. Mr. Carroll in his talk mentioned about his meeting with Prime Minister of India and his request to him regarding collaboration with PDPU. He emphasized the need of renewable energy and new energy such as Coal Bed Methane and Shale Gas.

Distinguished lecture on International Energy Outlook covered presentation made by GTI in CERA week Houston. CERA week by IHS Markit has become the world’s premier energy event. The presentation provided insight into global energy future by addressing key issues- from markets and geopolitics to technology, project cost, finance, operational excellence, clean air quality etc.

Essential eight technologies for future are:

  • IOT
  • Augmented Reality
  • Virtual Reality
  • Blockchain
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • 3D printing
  • Drones
  • Robots

Mr. Carroll stressed that the country needs to achieve a balance between domestic production of natural gas and imports. This is needed so that it is not completely subject to the cyclical nature of gas business, and to fallout of a Fukushima like event. India has the potential, resources, technical talent, and workforce to achieve the target to triple gas consumption, but the challenge is greater because of the aggressive time table. India also needs to provide a regulatory regime that is fair to all investors.

At the end of the presentation MOU for Academic co-operation was signed. GTI would like to collaborate for capacity building for industry and students.