Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya was born on Monday September
25, 1916, (Ashwin Krishna Trayodashi, Samvat 1973) in
the sacred region of Brij in the village of Nagla Chandraban
in Mathura District. His full name was Deendayal Upadhyaya,
but he was called Deena by the family. His mother Shrimati
Rampyari was a religious-minded lady and his father,
Shri Bhagwati Prasad, was Assistant Station Master at
Jalesar. He lost his father when he was less than three
years old and his mother before he was eight. He brought
up by his maternal uncle after the demise of both his
parents. He later went to high school in Sikar. The
Maharaja of Sikar awarded Panditji a gold medal, Rs.
250 for books and a monthly scholarship of Rs.10, honouring
his academic brilliance.
Youth & RSS
Panditji passed his Intermediate exams with distinction
in Pilani and left to Kanpur to pursue his B.A. and
joined the Sanatan Dharma College. At the instance of
his friend Shri. Balwant Mahashabde, he joined the RSS
in 1937. In 1937 he also cleared his B.A. in the first
Panditji moved to Agra to pursue M.A. Here he joined
forces with Shri Nanaji Deshmukh and Shri Bhau Jugade
for RSS activities. Subsequently he moved to Prayag
to pursue B.T. and at Prayag he continued his RSS activites.
After completion of his B.T., he worked full-time for
the RSS and moved to Lakhimpur District in UP as an
organizer and in 1955 became the Provincial Organizer
of the RSS in UP.
He established the publishing house 'Rashtra Dharma
Prakashan' in Lucknow and launched the monthly magazine
'Rashtra Dharma' to propound the principles he held
sacred. Later he launched the weekly 'Panchjanya' and
the daily 'Swadesh'.
In 1950, Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee, then Minister at
the Center, opposed the Nehru-Liaquat pact and resigned
his Cabinet post and joined the opposition to build
a common front of democratic forces. Pandit Deendayalji
organised a political convention in UP in 1951 and founded
the state unit of the new party, Bharatiya Jana Sangh.
Pandit Deendayalji was the moving spirit and Dr. Mookerjee
presided over the first all-India convention held on
October 21, 1951. In 1968 Pandit ji assumed the post
of President in the Jana Sangh.
Philosophical & Literary
Pt. Upadhyaya is well known for his idea as Integral
Humanism – a concept which is deeply embedded
in Indian Psyche. The philosophy of Integral Humanism
advocates the simultaneous and integrated programming
of the body, mind, intellect and soul of every human
being. His philosophy of Integral Humanism, is a synthesis
of the material and the spiritual & the individual
and the collective. In the field of politics and economics,
he was pragmatic and down to earth. He visualized for
India a decentralized polity and self-reliant economy
with the village as the base.
In Hindi, Panditji wrote a drama ‘Chandragupta
Maurya’, and later wrote a biography of Shankaracharya.
He translated a Marathi biography of Dr.K.B. Hedgewar,
the founder of RSS.
End of an Era
Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya passed away on the night
of February 11, 1968.